Marie_Boichu

Marie Boichu

Chercheur
Bât. P5 - Bureau 313
03 20 33 63 60

Career

  • 2015-present: CNRS researcher at the Université Lille 1, Laboratoire d'Optique Atmosphérique (Villeneuve d'Ascq, France).
  • 2014-2015: Young research investigator at the Université Lille 1, Laboratoire d'Optique Atmosphérique (Villeneuve d'Ascq, France).
  • 2011-2013: Post-doctoral Researcher at the Institut Pierre Simon Laplace, Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique, École Polytechnique (Palaiseau, France).
  • 2007-2010: Marie-Curie Research Fellow then Research Associate at the University of Cambridge (Cambridge, United Kingdom).
  • 2002-2006: PhD student at the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (Paris, France).

Activities

I am specialised in the study of volcanic emissions to understand processes from the magma reservoir to the atmosphere:

  • Analysis of the temporal evolution of volcanic activity
  • Processes of gas/magma migration and storage in the volcanic edifice
  • Atmospheric transport/chemistry of volcanic clouds
  • Impact of volcanic gas/aerosol emissions on the atmosphere

Methods

  • Atmospheric chemistry-transport modelling of volcanic clouds (CHIMERE Eulerian regional chemistry-transport model forced by WRF meteorological model).
  • Inverse modelling combining satellite observations of volcanic clouds (IASI, OMI, OMPS, MODIS, CALIOP) and chemistry-transport modelling in order to:
    • reconstruct volcanic emissions at high temporal resolution
    • forecast the atmospheric dispersal of volcanic clouds
    • forecast air quality
  • Gas/aerosol remote-sensing (DOAS spectroscopy and acoustics) and in-situ techniques (filter packs, cascade impactor)
  • Synergistic analysis of ground-based LIDAR and sun-photometry level 2 products
  • Joint analysis of gas and geophysical (e.g. seismicity) observations for the study of volcanic processes
  • Physical modelling of magmatic and degassing processes
  • Moussallam, Y., Tamburello, G., Peters, N., Apaza, F., Ian Schipper, C., Curtis, A., Aiuppa, A., Masias, P., Boichu, M., Bauduin, S., Barnie, T., Bani, P., Giudice, G. & Moussallam, M. (2017). Volcanic gas emissions and degassing dynamics at Ubinas and Sabancaya volcanoes; implications for the volatile budget of the central volcanic zone. J. Vol. Geo. Res., 343, 181-191. 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.06.027
  • Boichu, M., Chiapello, I., Brogniez, C., Péré, J-C., Thieuleux, F., Torres, B., Blarel, L., Mortier, A., Podvin, T., Goloub, P., Söhne, N., Clarisse, L., Bauduin, S., Hendrick, F., Theys, N., Van Roozendael, M. & Tanré, D. (2016). Current challenges in modelling far-range air pollution induced by the 2014–2015 Bárðarbunga fissure eruption (Iceland). Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16(17), 10831-10845. 10.5194/acp-16-10831-2016
  • Boichu, M., Chiapello, I., Brogniez, C., Péré, J.-C., Thieuleux, F., Torres, B., Blarel, L., Mortier, A., Podvin, T., Goloub, P., Söhne, N., Clarisse, L., Bauduin, S., Hendrick, F., Theys, N., Van Roozendael, M. & Tanré, D. (2016). Tracking far-range air pollution induced by the 2014–15 Bárdarbunga fissure eruption (Iceland). Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 8381-8400. 10.5194/acp-2016-159
  • Boichu, M. (2015). Pollution de l'air en France: le volcan Bárðarbunga en cause. La Météorologie, 89, 4-6. 10.4267/2042/56589
  • Boichu, M., Clarisse, L., Péré, J.-C., Herbin, H., Goloub, P., Thieuleux, F., Ducos, F., Clerbaux, C., Tanré, D. (2015). Temporal variations of flux and altitude of sulfur dioxide emissions during volcanic eruptions: implications for long-range dispersal of volcanic clouds. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15, 8381-8400. 10.5194/acp-15-8381-2015
  • Yiou, P., Boichu, M., Vautard, R., Vrac, M., Jourdain, S., Garnier, E., Fluteau, F., Menut, L., 2014, Ensemble meteorological reconstruction using circulation analogues, Climate of the Past, 10, 789-809, doi:10.5194/cp-10-797-2014
  • Boichu, M., Clarisse, L., Khvorostyanov, D., Clerbaux, C., 2014, Improving volcanic sulfur dioxide cloud dispersal forecast by progressive assimilation of satellite observations, Geophysical Research Letters, 41 (7), 2637-2643, doi:10.1002/2014GL059496
  • Boichu, M., Menut, L., Khvorostyanov, D., Clarisse, L., Turquety, S., Clerbaux, C., Coheur, P.F., 2013, Inverting for volcanic SO2 flux at high temporal resolution using spaceborne plume imagery and chemistry-transport modelling: the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption case-study, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-13-8569-2013
  • Jousset, P., Budisanto, A., Jolly, A.D., Boichu, M., Surono, Dwiyono, S., Sumarti, S., Hidayati, S., Thierry, P., 2013, Signs of magma ascent in LP and VLP seismic events and link to degassing: an example from the 2010 explosive eruption at Merapi volcano, Indonesia, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2013.03.04
  • Bagni, M., Bignami, C., Boichu, M., Bosi, V., Buongiorno, F., Costantini, L., Faria, B., Fonseca, J., Hidayati, S., Jenkins, S., Jousset, P., Le Cozannet, G., Marchetti, E., Oppenheimer, C., Lopes Pereira, R., Prata, F., Ripepe, M., Silva, F., Spinetti, C., Sumarti, S., Surono, Vazao, T., 2012, Living with a volcano: scientific and operational aspects. In: Bignami, C., Bosi, V., Costantini, L., Cristiani, C., Lavigne, F., Thierry, P. (Eds.), Handbook for Volcanic Crisis Management: Prevention, Crisis Management, Resilience. Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data, pp. 47-90, miavita.brgm.fr/Documents/Handbook-VolcRiskMgt-hr.pdf
  • Surono, Jousset, P., Pallister, J.S., Boichu, M., Buongiorno, F., Budisanto, A., Costa, F., Andreastuti, S., Prata, F., Schneider, D., Clarisse, L., Humaida, H., Sumarti, S., Bignami, C., Griswold, J., Carn, S., Oppenheimer, C., Lavigne, F., 2012, The 2010 explosive eruption of Java's Merapi volcano -a “100-year” event, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 241-242, 121-135, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2012.06.018
  • Boichu, M., Villemant, B., Boudon, G., 2011, Degassing at La Soufrière de Guadeloupe Volcano (Lesser Antilles) since the last eruptive crisis in 1975-77: Result of a shallow magma intrusion?, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 203 (3-4), 102-112, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2011.04.007
  • Boichu, M., Oppenheimer, C., Roberts, T.J., Tsanev, V., Kyle, P., 2011, On bromine, nitrogen oxides and ozone depletion in the tropospheric plume of Erebus volcano (Antarctica), Atmospheric Environment, 45, 3856-3866, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.03.027
  • Boichu, M., Oppenheimer, C., Tsanev, V., Kyle, P., 2010, High temporal resolution SO2 flux measurements at Erebus volcano, Antarctica, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 190 (3-4), 325-336, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2009.11.020
  • Oppenheimer, C., Lomakina, A. S., Kyle, P. R., Kingsbury, R. G., Boichu, M., 2009, Pulsatory magma supply to a phonolite lava lake, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 284 (3-4), 392-398, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2009.04.043
  • Boichu, M., Villemant, B., Boudon, G., 2008, A model for episodic degassing of an andesitic magma intrusion, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, B07202, doi:10.1029/2007JB005130
  • Vergniolle, S., Boichu, M., Caplan-Auerbach, J., 2004, Acoustic measurements of the 1999 basaltic eruption of Shishaldin volcano, Alaska: 1. Origin of Strombolian activity, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 137 (1-3),109-134, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2004.05.003
Ongoing projects
  • VOLCPLUME Young Researcher 4-yr project (2016-2020) funded by the ANR (French National Agency for Research), PI: M. Boichu: "VOLCanic PLUMEs: emission, chemistry-transport and impact on the atmosphere and climate", www.agence-nationale-recherche.fr/projet-anr
  • PARCS 4-yr project (2015-2019) funded by the French Arctic Initiative, PI: K. Law (LATMOS, IPSL): "Pollution in the ARCtic System", www.chantier-arctique.fr
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Analyse de cette rencontre de deux masses d’air transportant poussières désertiques et particules...

CNRS INSU Région Hauts-de-France - 27/10/2017

Le panache du volcan islandais Bardarbunga pollue l'air du Nord-Pas-de-Calais

La région Nord - Pas de Calais a subi, fin septembre 2014, un épisode de forte pollution atmosphérique, dû à l’éruption du volcan islandais Bardarbunga qui dure déjà depuis plus d’un mois...

CNRS INSU - 07/10/2014